Participation of Third Parties
Third parties may participate in the project and make resources available for this purpose, insofar as this is necessary for the implementation of the project. In contrast to the beneficiaries, third parties do not sign the Grant Agreement and thus have no contractual relationship with the European Commission or the Executive Agencies.
Third parties and their contribution to the project usually have to be identified during proposal stage and will be listed in the Grant Agreement. Third parties may be subject to audit by the European Commission or the European Court of Auditors.
Entities that have a legal relationship with a beneficiary (e.g., subsidiaries) may participate in project tasks as Affiliated entities and their costs can be reimbursed similiar to the costs of the beneficiary.
If the beneficiaries are not able to perform action tasks of the project themselves, these tasks can exceptionally be subcontracted to third parties. New subcontracts during project runtime are generally subject to approval by the European Commission or Executive Agency.
Associated partners, who have a collaborative relationship with a beneficiary, may perform project tasks including action tasks. However, reimbursement of their costs is not possible.
If third parties only provide resources to the project free of charge without being involved in the project execution themselves, they are referred to as third parties making contributions in-kind to the action.