PPP High Performance Computing (HPC)
In its conclusions on the European Commission’s Communication "High-Performance Computing: Europe's place in a Global Race", the Competitiveness Council stressed the strategic relevance of High Performance Computing (HPC) for European innovation capacity. The position of European industry and academia shall be strengthened by sharing national HPC bodies.
The European HPC strategy comprises three pillars:
- Development of the next generation of HPC technologies, applications and systems towards exascale
- Access to the best high performance computing bodies and services both for academia and industry (including SMEs)
- Excellence in HPC applications
Awareness raising and human resources development through education and training are complementary elements.
Through an increased coordination of HPC stakeholders and a long-term investment commitment of industry and the European Commission, the PPP High Performance Computing (HPC) shall enhance Europe's position regarding the supply and use of HPC systems and services by 2020 .
The European Commission and HPC stakeholders of the industry-driven European Technology Platform for High Performance Computing (ETP4HPC) and the Partnership for Advanced Research in Europe (PRACE) have jointly prepared the PPP HPC, which has been launched on 17 December 2013.
The PPP HPC covers the first and third pillar of European HPC strategy. ETP4HPC defines the strategic agenda; PRACE establishes a high-end computing infrastructure.
On 11 January 2018, the European Commission presented to the Council a draft Regulation establishing a new EuroHPC JU Joint Undertaking (according to Article 187 of the TFEU).
By 2022/2023, a supercomputer with a performance capability of up to 1018 computing operations per second (exa-scale) should be available to users from industry and research in Europe. Approximately 1 billion EUR are to be invested in the construction of several new high-performance computer systems (HPC) as well as in the development of applications.
The EU will contribute EUR 486 million, the remainder will come from the participating Member States.
The EU financial contribution to the JU comes from the current financial framework (2014-2020) and mainly from the Horizon 2020 budget. This means that the Horizon 2020 budget planned for HPC activities in 2019-2020 will be transferred to the JU, and the respective Horizon 2020 calls will be cancelled.
On Friday, 28 September 2018, the Competitiveness Council has adopted the Regulation to establish the Joint Undertaking "European High Performance Computing" (EuroHPC).