ERA-NETs - European Research Area Networks
All ERA-NETs in Horizon 2020 include an obligatory joint call for proposals for transnational research and innovation projects. The beneficiaries award grants to third parties such as universities or private entities; however the funding organisations and programme owners may also implement research projects or parts of projects themselves.
Besides implementing a co-funded call for proposals, the ERA-NET consortia can carry out further activities by using other sources of funding or own resources.
Calls for the establishement of ERA-NETs are launched top-down within the Societal Challenges and Leading and Industrial Technologies.
An ERA-NET can be funded by the European Commission for up to five years.
In order to launch an ERA-NET, all partners have to commit a financial contribution to a joint call. The sum provided for the call is "topped-up" by a Commission payment amounting to 33% of the national funding. ERA-NETs are implemented via "programme Cofund actions". Costs arising from the organisation and preparation of the "topped-up" joint call or costs occured after the call are not eligible for further funding.
Eligible costs are F&I costs incured by the project which arises from the joint call. For each ERA-NET-Grant Agreement, only one joint call will be cofinanced by the European Commission. Costs of coordinating further joint activities of the ERA-NET, such as additional joint calls without EU-top-up-funding, are also eligible. These costs will be reimbursed via unit costs. Beneficiairies which in the context of an ERA-NET implement transnational projects themselves, instead of awarding grants to other organisations via a call for proposal, cannot claim coordination costs for additional joint activities.
The Commission does not define the exact budget to be allocated to an ERA-NET. However, the thematic Work-Programmes set out the approximate amounts of the contributions.