On 28 April 2021 the European Parliament and the Council adopted the Regulation establishing Horizon Europe, the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, laying down its rules for participation and dissemination.em Rahmenprogramm für Forschung und Innovation, sowie über dessen Regeln für die Beteiligung und die Verbreitung der Ergebnisse. On 10 May 2021 the Council adopted a Decision establishing the Specific Programme implementing Horizon Europa.
In June 2018 the European Commission had published its proposal for a regulation on the Horizon Europe Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, including the rules for participation and dissemination of results. It also published the proposal for a decision on the Specific Programme for the implementation of the Framework Programme. In the following two years, the regulation was advanced in several steps towards adoption by Parliament and Council.
The decision on the Specific Programme, which sets out the content of Horizon Europe in more detail, was to be adopted exclusively by the Council of Ministers, in consultation with Parliament, in accordance with the Treaty of Lisbon.