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Participation

The Work Programmes as well as the calls for proposals specify the minimum requirement for the number of participants in each project.

Basically, at least three independent legal entities from different EU Member States or Associated Countries have to participate. For some funding schemes there are specific regulations concerning the type and number of participants, e.g. for so called "joint calls" with third countries.

Under certain circumstances Coordination and Support Actions (CSA) may also be implemented by a single legal entity. Deviating rules also apply for the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, especially the Individual Fellowships, and the ERC, where a Principal Investigator usually submits the proposal together with a host institution.

Each organisation, which participates in the Framework Programme, must register on the Participant Portal. Once registration is complete, the institution will receive a code (Participant Identification Code, PIC). With this code the institution may register all future project participations. Each organization needs to appoint a "Legal Entity Appointed Representative" (LEAR), who functions as a contact person for the European Commission in all questions concerning the legal status or financial issues and provides the Commission with all necessary documents. The LEAR also has a vital role for the coordination of the electronic project management.

Funding rates

In Horizon 2020, a single funding rate applies for each project. The funding rate is indicated in the Work Programme and in the call for proposals. In Research & Innovation Actions, 100% of the total eligible costs will be funded. In Innovation Actions and Programme Cofund Actions, the funding rate is 70% of the total eligible costs. However, non-profit legal entities will receive 100% also in Innovation Actions. In all types of projects, indirect costs (overheads) are financed by the EU via a flat rate of 25% of the total direct eligible costs. 

In general these rules apply also to the Joint Technology Initiatives (JTI). However, exceptions are possible, e.g. in the JTI ECSEL (Electronic Components and Systems) which may use different funding rates. In Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, grants are awarded via unit costs, an option that is laid down in the Rules for Participation.

Registration

Each organisation, which participates in the Framework Programme, must register on the Participant Portal. Once registration is complete, the institution will receive a code (Participant Identification Code, PIC). With this code the institution may register all future project participations. Each organization needs to appoint a "Legal Entity Appointed Representative" (LEAR), who functions as a contact person for the European Commission in all questions concerning the legal status or financial issues and provides the Commission with all necessary documents. The LEAR also has a vital role for the coordination of the electronic project management.