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Horizon 2020 / Background
The 'Lisbon strategy'
On the initiative of the former European Commissioner for Science and Research, Philippe Busquin, a "European Research Area" (ERA) was propounded in January 2000. The vision of a unified area for research all across Europe comprises the pooling of substantial capabilities and infrastructures, the activation of private investments as well as the strengthening of mobility and human resources.
Two months later, the "Lisbon Strategy" was passed on a Council of the European Union meeting in Lisbon with the explicit objective to make Europe the most competitive and most dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world by 2010.
In this context, the Council of the European Union endorsed the concept of a European Research Area (ERA) which became an important element of the Lisbon Strategy. As a further research policy aim associated with the Lisbon Strategy, the EU Member States met in Barcelona in March 2002 and agreed upon aiming at investing 3% of the European GDP in research and development by 2010.
The European Research Area
The idea of a European Research Area has developed into a comprehensive concept that is equally realised by the EU and the scientific community in Europe. more »
The Development of the European Research Area
With the intention to review the proceedings of the implementation of the ERA, to reveal existing insufficiencies and to start a public discussion, a Green Paper was published by the European Commission in April 2007. more »
Beyond the Lisbon Strategy
The objectives of the Lisbon Strategy were not achieved by the EU Member States. In particular, the objective of reaching 3% of the GDP for R&D until 2010 could not be successfully implemented due to the extension of the EU in 2004 and the massive economic crisis/depression after 2008. more »