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"Mapping Exercise" on doctoral training
The "Mapping Exercise" of the European Commission offers an overview of recent developments in structured doctoral training in Europe. The underlying aim is to identify common principles within the European Research Area (ERA) and to develop a common approach for doctoral training. Moreover, it presents the different models of doctoral training in the ERA (doctoral schools, graduate schools, joint programmes, national and thematic doctoral training facilities). Exemplary cases from each member state of the respective models are discussed in detail in the annex (e.g. the research training groups funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) or the International Max Planck Research Schools in Germany). In 2012, the Commission will supplement this report with a feasibility study, which will also involve site visits to successful doctoral schools.
Goals – Promoting excellent research and capacity building in doctoral training
The mapping exercise discusses the future of doctoral training in the context of the Commission’s Innovation Union policy (4th commitments). According to the Commission, on the one hand, employment conditions for researchers have to become more attractive, in order to lure highly skilled third country nationals to come and stay in Europe. On the other hand, doctoral training must increasingly meet the needs of an employment market that is wider than academia. In the framework of a cooperation between the academic and the industrial sector there should be – already from early research training on – a better matching of training and demand (recruitment of researchers).
Best practice principles for innovative doctoral training
The mapping exercise names the following principles for innovative doctoral training:
Attractive institutional environment (European Charter & Code of Conduct)
Interdisciplinary research options
Exposure to industry and further relevant employment sectors
Transferable skills training