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Joint Technology Initiatives
Joint Technology Iniatives
A new model of European research funding
The Joint Technology Initiatives have been created as a new instrument under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7), with the aim to foster the coordination and the coherent implementation of European research efforts by means of public-private partnerships.
Against the background of the Lisbon Agenda, with its core objective to strengthen the industrial competitiveness in the EU, and the Barcelona-objectives to raise expenditures for research in Europe, the JTIs can be perceived as an integral part of a comprehensive strategy for research, technological development and innovation in the European Research Area. Building on the European Technology Platforms (ETPs), the JTIs aim at supporting the timely development of selected strategic technologies in Europe.
Encompassing the entire economic value chain, and bringing together the main actors of a specific sector, ranging from industry and SMEs, universities and research organisations to national and regional authorities, the JTIs pursue the objective of coordinating European research activities and creating stronger links between research and innovation. Thereby the Joint Technology Initiatives, as no other funding model, exemplify the idea behind the European Research Area, namely a space for innovation in which industry and academia can concentrate their respective expertise.
Moreover, the results of the JTIs are supposed to bring forward other strategic EU policy areas such as environment, energy, transport or security.
Background: the European Technology Platforms
The JTIs are based on the work of the European Technology Platforms, introduced in the 6th Framework Programme, which bring together public and private actors in specific sectors in order to draw common visions for technological development.
More than 30 Technology Platforms have been created since the start of FP6. Their mission is to define the objectives and priorities of research which will help to develop key technologies and to set the cornerstones for their implementation.
In practice, ETPs facilitate coordinated research activities of industry and academia by setting up joint Strategic Research Agendas (SRA), which essentially aim at overcoming barriers for the development of new technologies. In the long run, the JTIs shall prepare the exploitation of new markets and the development of innovative applications, reinforcing Europe’s competitiveness in these areas.
The creation of the first JTIs has paved the way for the implementation of the ETPs’ Strategic Research Agendas and the realisation of large-scale applied research activities.
Legal form and financing modalities
JTIs may become operational upon decision of the Council of Ministers of the EU as Joint Undertakings according to article 187 of the Lisbon Treaty (former art. 171 of the EC Treaty):
“The Union may set up Joint Undertakings or any other structure necessary for the efficient execution of Union research, technological developments and demonstration programmes.”
Alongside industry, the EC is represented as a founding member in each JTI and will be in charge of the preparatory measures until the initiative has reached complete autonomy.
The JTIs’ financing schemes are a combination of public and private, national and European funds; the latter comprising money from the FP7 and implying the possibility of financing by the European Investment Bank and venture capital.
The model of the JTIs is expected to contribute to a more efficient pooling of the available resources and to give incentives for national and private R&D investment in Europe.
Research activities within the JTIs are implemented via public calls for proposals.
- IMI - JTI Innovative Medicines more »
- ARTEMIS - JTI Advanced Research & Technology for Embedded Intelligence and Systems more »
- ENIAC - JTI Nanoelectronics, European Nanoelectronics Initiative Advisory Council more »
- Clean Sky - JTI Aeronautics and Air Transport more »
- FCH - JTI Fuel Cells and Hydrogen more »
Progress Report: JTI Joint Undertakings in 2010 [en]
Progress Report: JTI Joint Undertakings in 2010 (working document) [en]
Brochure on Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs), Public-Private Partnerships in EU Research [en]
Forschungsbrief No. 9, Joint Technology Initiatives [de] [en]
FAQ Joint Technology Initiatives [en]